Functional requirements and guidelines

Design Flexibility and Modularity

The main requirement is to provide long-term flexibility and modularity of design through architectural project. Building of the Faculty of Applied Arts is expected to be designed in such a way that, with some minor interventions related to the partitioning of the rooms, it is possible to adapt and modify the rooms intended for certain departments, study programs and streams. Education is a vivid and variable process, which is constantly adapted to the development of art disciplines, the needs of society and international guidelines. The entire system of communications, installations and other service elements of the building should be designed as independently and generally as possible, so that the contents section of the building can be processed relatively freely and adapted to changes in the contents. The specialized premises, which, due to complex installations, accesses or other software requirements, should be technically equipped, ought not to represent an obstacle in the potential transformation process.

The partitioning system design and the separation of individual rooms, despite the expected flexibility, must provide an adequate sound and visual protection. Scope of necessary modification should be executable with limited budget and with own resources and knowledge during the summer brake in studying process (July, August). Elements should be modular and portable as much as possible, so they could be transferred from one part of the building to another and placed there.

Public Accessibility / Openness to Visitors

Certain parts of the building of the Faculty of Applied Arts should be accessible to public as much as possible. With its image, internal organization and external surfaces, the building should provide the organization of regular and additional activities and events that are also accessible to public with a view to promotion of culture or marketing activities. External visitors are, mostly, not familiar with the building, so it is important that the spaces intended for wide access be reasonably and logically accommodated.

Wide access is mostly intended for:

- café,

- exhibition saleroom areas,

- common area,

- premises where annual exhibitions are organized,

- occasional workshops where, in addition to studies, marketing activities are carried out (analogue printing, digital material processing techniques, ergonomic laboratory ...).

The program schedule should also take into account a possible division of the building into several operative and functional units, which are taken into account when evening events are organized.

Creative Area Concept

Building of the Faculty of Applied Arts is aimed at promoting creativity and that refers both to the building as a whole and to its individual rooms. That does not happen in specialized rooms - studies and workshops only, but also in all the other rooms in which students stay during the day. The café, the communications, the cloakroom and other premises should be designed in such a way as to enable informal interviews, the exchange of ideas and the demonstration of work of all the Faculty’s departments.

Teaching Process Presentation

The downtown location, cultural institutions and the contact with the public enable the Faculty of Applied Arts to directly transfer its work, creativity and mission through appropriate areas adapted to the public. The building should properly communicate with the environment, but one should ensure that the presentation of the contents is meaningful and controlled. The presentation of works of art is a constituent part of the teaching process, so it is important that the areas be defined so to offer as open a platform as possible, which can be used innovatively for presentation.

In that sense and in the process of the design of a new structures at location 15, Karađorđeva street, one should envisage the model of public accessibility of the teaching process and the work results, through exhibition area design or by occasionally opening studios to the public.

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS AND GUIDELINES

Materialization

Construction material available at local materials market should be included in the design of the new Faculty of Applied Arts building. In any event, priority should be given to materials from renewable sources, with low costs and low impact on the environment resulting from their production and degradation. All the construction materials used from the exterior and directly exposed side of the building (e.g. vertical surfaces without protective coverings, horizontal surfaces without roofs) ought to be made of tough materials with a 50-year shelf life and no need for constant maintenance.

Construction materials must fulfill the requirements for the building’s permanent mechanical stability.

Other used materials, especially those intended for daily exposed surfaces (floors, walls and wall coverings) need to be selected in such a way that they are easy to maintain and clean (basic cleaning techniques); annual or perennial renewal of materials (pressure washing, sanding, abrasive blasting, restoration of colors and tones) and partial replacement due to damage or wear.

The studies include a lot of mechanical, manual and creative work, so it is expected that the floor and wall surfaces will be subjected to remodeling and possible damage (wall painting, prefabricated elements ...). The building should be designed so that as many elements as possible can be easily removed in daily use, replaced with new ones or renovated in one of the workshops in the Faculty of Applied arts or with appropriate craftsmen. It is also important that the choice of finishing materials enables and provides a platform for safe and undisturbed implementation of installations, exhibitions and small modifications (installation of prefabricated and even wall partitions, hanging elements, darkening ...). The complete choice of materials and finishes should be designed in such a way that the mentioned modifications do not interfere with the integrity of the architectural project, but only represent its creative upgrade.

Structure

When choosing a structure system and structural materials, one should consider the expectations that the structure is characterized by a long-term, rational and flexible design. In principle, a rational structural design provides an optimal relation between the required structural spans, the used construction materials and design complexity. It is also necessary to conceive an adequate protection against earthquakes at the conceptual level, i.e. secure the basic horizontal stability of the building. Any deviation from the usual (more or less rational) preliminary designs must be explained and it must be specified in which way the deviating (unusual) solution contributes to the improvement of the building’s design and function.

Along with long-term flexibility, it is necessary to ensure that the building has a clear division between the primary structure, which guarantees its global stability, and the secondary structural and partitioning elements, which may be removed or replaced without affecting the primary construction system. In this way it is possible to, on a long-term basis, adapt the building to other programs which are not known at the time of the construction.

Guidelines and recommendations for installations

Within the structure, it is necessary to envisage all the standard premises and installations of heating, ventilation, water supply and sewerage, electrical installations, telecommunication installations which this type of a structure requires, according to the regulations on technical security, fire protection and environment protection. Installation systems should be adjusted to specific conditions of workspaces.

The planned structure should be connected to the current or planned public communal infrastructural network.

Electrical Installations

In addition to other tasks, the electrical installations are expected to adequately include the following segments of work and building management:

variable light adaptable to the premises’ occupancy and the available daylight;

it is particularly important is to ensure that artificial light is designed properly so that it can be efficiently and discreetly combined with natural light (the colour, clarity and quality of light should be as comparable and non-conflict as possible); artificial lighting should meet conditions necessary for working process;

Information support for managing the buildings in terms of information, energy use, use of space and security;

adaptable technical support for the building and its mechanical parts (mechanical installations and other devices), with the possibility of learning and gradual increase of its efficacy in relation to the variable terms of usage;

number and arrangement of electrical sockets in accordance with the work process and arrangement of equipment;

appropriate capacities for individual workshops in accordance with the used equipment.

Machinery Installations

The preliminary design should conceptually determine, show and justify the relevant mechanical installation design in the building. The decision should be determined with the amount of the basic investment, annual maintenance costs and the general work and living comfort of the rooms.

Spaces for application of special technologies - workshops in which chemicals and other aggressive substances are used - must be ventilated separately with appropriate ventilation systems. It is also necessary to provide efficient ventilation of rooms with a large number of people.

The ventilation concept must be defined through the appropriate reserves of space (vertical axes, lowered ceilings) for a possible distribution of the mechanical ventilation system.

Energy Efficiency

The preliminary design should be conceived in such a way that, through the subsequent planning steps (Construction Permit Project, Execution Project), the conditions for energy efficiency stipulated by the law could be fulfilled. In that process, one should pay special attention to the following elements that can be identified and shown in the preliminary design:

-the architectural design enabling the use of low temperature systems,

-efficient shading and control of increased heat, which enables the use of natural light and potential heat gains during the heating season,

- control of the structure’s passage through thermal covering - the minimum passage quantity,

-exploitation of direct sources of heat and cold through an appropriate architectural design (e.g. nighttime cooling of the building, heating of the building by means of solar energy during the heating season, accumulation of heat and cold and their proper distribution in the entire building),

-taking into account the increased needs for energy efficiency adopted in the process of the design and management of public sector buildings.

Informative Design

The design and use of a new building of the faculty should include efficient IT support.

General information, orientation and information related to the operation of the building should be easily accessible and clear so that the movement of students, teachers and external visitors is unimpeded.

The information on spatial organization should be adapted to persons with disabilities as well, through positioning at adequate heights and the application of the Braille script and sound signals.

Exterior Development

The architectural setting of the structure should be such that the shaping and synchronization of the elements of the external arrangement are included:

- entrances and accesses for users,

- accesses and communications for interventional vehicles

-waste disposal site or plant,

- open green areas arrangement and maintenance systems.

 

ECONOMIC REQUIREMENTS AND GUIDELINES

Investment Amount

The amount of the investment for the construction of the Faculty of Applied Arts buildings has been defined on the basis of investment project approximations and totals about 7 500 000 €, exclusive of VAT.

Efficient administration of the building

Building management includes three basic levels of costs and inflows: operative costs, maintenance costs and inflows from marketing activities (renting, organizing other events in the building’s rooms). Operative costs include the estimated costs for ventilation, heating and cooling, lighting and cleaning. Considering the maintenance costs, we estimate the level of the expected costs taking into account the scope and complexity of the maintenance of the installed materials, equipment and mechanical devices and technologies. However, in the event of inflow from marketing activities, we assess if the building allows unlimited renting of part of the premises which, at the time of lease, are not used for teaching activities, but only for rent.

Long-term Economic Effect of the Construction

The project should include materials, technologies and systems that follow the principles of the analysis of life cycle costs, which means that the costs of their installation, maintenance and disassembly are equally taken into account in the selection process.

Requirements and Guidelines Referring to the Cultural and Social Setting

Involvement of the Faculty of Applied Arts in the Artistic and Creative Environment

The institution’s participation in the immediate and wider cultural urban setting is the Faculty’s basic mission. Through its educational and creative work, the Faculty of Applied Arts is firmly connected with galleries, information. educational and promotional activities in the field of applied arts in the city, the region and nationwide. The construction of a new building, will additionally improve position of the Faculty of Applied Arts, both symbolically and in reality. Apart from the constant involvement of the teaching staff of the Faculty of Applied Arts in the current social and artistic life, it is also important to establish a reverse link - the active involvement of external artists and public in the work of the Faculty of Applied Arts. The architectural design should efficiently encourage, promote and demonstrate such involvement in addition to the activities of the Faculty itself.

Faculty of Applied Arts as a Generator of Artistic Development

The Faculty develops and promotes new artistic trends, criticism and views through the pedagogical, extracurricular and research artistic work of teachers and students (e.g. through multifunctional and gallery spaces available 24 hours a day, where informal creation, workshops and consultations are possible). The project should enable the overnight keeping of the part of the premises intended for the aforesaid facilities separately from the rest of the Faculty.